Osha Height Requirements for Eyewash Stations

According to ANSI/ISEA Z358.1-2004, emergency sanitary eyewashes and eye and face wash stations must be visually inspected and activated weekly. Equipment must be maintained annually to ensure efficient operation. Proper training on the location and use of eye drops is also crucial in an emergency. Installation and maintenance according to the manufacturer`s instructions. Similar requirements apply to sanitary units with respect to the ability of the appliance to provide rinse fluid for at least 15 minutes, to provide access and to provide warm rinse fluid. Similarly, emergency eye washes must provide at least 3 US gallons (11.4 liters) per minute for 15 minutes. This ensures complete decontamination. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.151(c) focuses specifically on emergency showers and eyewash stations by addressing the need for facilities that allow workers to rinse off corrosive materials. A garden hose can be used in conjunction with, but not as a replacement for, emergency showers/eyewash stations. In areas (including construction sites) where hazardous chemicals are handled by employees, appropriate eyewash and body watering equipment should not be available more than 100 feet from workplaces.

The employee (who may be partially blinded by chemicals in the eyes) must be able to reach and use eye wash and/or body watering equipment within 10 seconds. The physical layout of the workplace, paying particular attention to obstacles such as machinery and equipment, must be taken into account when locating eyewash stations. Compliance with ANSI Z358 temperature requirements is important to ensure an employee`s safety. If the water temperature is uncomfortable, it`s natural for humans to get out of the safety shower before the full 15 minutes have passed. This reduces the rinsing effect and increases the risk of injury due to dangerous chemical burns. Note: As there is no Canadian standard for emergency showers and eyewash stations, the American standard ANSI Z358.1-2014 was used in the preparation of this document. ANSI Z358 can be complicated, but our free ANSI technical guide can help. Download it today to make sure your emergency showers and eyewash stations meet safety shower requirements.

Portable and self-contained eyewash stations contain a limited amount of liquid. Therefore, maintenance is crucial to ensure that devices are fully charged at all times. All workers must be instructed on the proper use and location of emergency showers or eyewash stations before emergency situations occur. It should never be assumed that workers already know the right procedures. Written instructions should be made available to all workers and posted next to the emergency shower and eyewash station. Part of the teaching process should include a “hands-on” exercise on finding equipment. While they cover a lot, OSHA`s emergency shower and eyewash requirements don`t meet all the goals. They do not provide details about the functionality or location of the safety shower. Installing an audible or visual alarm can alert other workers when the emergency shower or eyewash station is in use. An alarm is especially important if only one worker works in this area.

A person may need help getting to the eye wash if they are temporarily blinded. Some companies electrically connect valves to warning lights or horns located in central areas. Wet hoses can be used to “pierce” an area when a full shower is not necessary, to help a person if they cannot stand or is unconscious, or to wash under clothing before clothes are removed. The ANSI standard states that a wet tube can be considered eye drops or eye/face wash if the impregnating hose meets the performance requirements listed in the standard. Eyewash stations should be designed to provide liquid with a volume of at least 1.5 liters/minute (0.4 gallons/minute) to both eyes simultaneously for 15 minutes. Combined eye and face washing stations require 11.4 liters per minute (3.0 gallons per minute). However, in both cases, the volume should not be reached at a speed that can injure the eyes. The unit must be located between 83.8 and 134.6 cm (33 to 53 inches) from the floor and at least 15.3 cm (6 inches) from the nearest wall or obstacle. Keep the path of emergency showering and eye washing unhindered if vision is impaired.

Place the safety shower and eyewash equipment in a highly visible and well-lit position. June 1, 2009 Mr. Donald Bossow, CIH Johnson Diversey, Inc. P.O. Box 902 Sturtevant, WI 53177-0902 Dear Mr. Bossow, Thank you for your letter dated April 21, 2009 to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Their letter was forwarded to OSHA`s Enforcement Programs Directorate (EPD) for response. This letter represents OSHA`s interpretation only of the requirements discussed and may not apply to matters not described in your original correspondence. They had specific questions about eyewash stations required by 29 CFR 1910.151(c). Their paraphrased scenarios, questions and answers can be found below. Scenario: You indicate that your company manufactures and sells many commercial cleaning products classified as moderate or severe eye irritants. Your company`s policy is to state on safety data sheets (MSDSs) that chemical splash goggles should be used as eye protection and rinsed for at least 15 minutes as first aid.

Question 1: Is emergency eye wash in the immediate vicinity required for chemicals other than harmful corrosive chemicals (including chemicals whose safety data sheet clearly indicates that the product is highly irritating but not corrosive to the eyes or skin) as per paragraph 1910.151(c)? Are there any other OSHA federal regulations that would require the provision of eyewash facilities for the use of chemicals other than corrosives? Answer 1: No. OSHA`s current policy regarding requirements for the provision of emergency eyewash and/or safety shower is explained in its interpretation letter to Mr. Tom Heslin dated May 5, 2004 (Appendix) as follows: With an eyewash station, the user should be able to open their eyelids with their hands while having their eyes in the liquid. In the case of eye and face washing, the user must have enough space to keep the eyelids open with their hands while the eyes and face are still in the flow. As with the shower, the device must be designed to activate in less than 1 second and remain operational without the operator`s hand on the valve (or lever, handle, etc.), with the valve in an easy-to-find place. Since eyewash nozzles generally need to be protected from airborne contaminants, devices must be designed in such a way that the removal of these covers does not require separate movement on the part of the user when the device is activated. Justrite Hughes provides emergency showers and eyewash stations to meet OSHA requirements for emergency showers. Click here to see our available products or contact us for more information. • Safety stations for eyewashers must be installed within 10 seconds or 55 feet of the hazard.• The spray pattern must be between 33 and 53 inches from the ground on which the user stands (section 5.4.4).• Nozzles or spray heads must be at least 6 inches from a wall or obstacle (section 5.4.4).• An eyepiece meter should be used to determine the correct flow pattern (section 5.1.8).

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