Petrified Wood Laws

On state-run USFS public lands that are not closed to recreational hunting, recreational rockhounders can often collect “limited amounts” of petrified wood. See 36 CFR 228.62(e). Note: The 25 pounds per day of the BLM up to 250 pounds per year do NOT apply to USFS countries. “Peanut wood” has nothing to do with peanuts and was so named because of its particular contrast pattern: white spots the size of peanuts on the very dark or almost black gray-brown base. This interesting type of organic gemstone is made from petrified driftwood, a wood that has taken another step in its petrification journey. A single branch fell into the water and sank to the ground, where dug shells created holes and tunnels. The tunnels were filled with white calcium skeletons of diatoms. The wood was then buried under the sediment and petrified, eventually appearing on the ground. There are several protected petrified forests in the United States. These are places of historical significance or a protected national monument.

Most of the time, you are allowed to visit the wood and even touch it, but not to break it or take it away. Most often, in these protected areas, there are souvenir shops with patterns ranging from tiny pieces to plates. These stores have beautiful specimens and fund the necessary services in the parks, so it`s a win-win situation. It was my great-grandmother who told me that. She said petrified wood was incredibly easy to find when you went out in her time. She lived in California at the time when it was mostly dirt and dirt roads. Then she said that everyone started collecting petrified wood, and it became illegal to possess or take it? I don`t remember which ones. Some unusual specimens of petrified wood appear almost identical to the original wood and may have greater scientific value. These near-perfect preservation specimens are rare (although those with clearly recognizable bark and woody structures are very common).

(a) All Crown lands administered by the Office of Land Management and the Bureau of Reclamation are open for petrified timber removal or may be used free of charge, unless otherwise specified in the Federal Register. Free use areas under the jurisdiction of these offices may be modified or removed by notices posted on the Federal Register. (b) The heads of other offices of the Ministry of the Interior may publish in the Federal Register designations, modifications or deletions of areas freely used for petrified timber on lands under their jurisdiction. (c) The Minister of the Interior may, with the agreement of the head of other relevant federal departments or agencies, after publication of the notice in the Federal Register of Petrified Timber Areas on Public Lands under the Jurisdiction of Federal Departments or Agencies other than the Department of Agriculture, lands for the free use of petrified timber located on Crown lands under the jurisdiction of federal departments or agencies. other than the Ministry of Agriculture. Ministry of Agriculture. Over the centuries, groundwater slowly seeped through the buried wood fabric, gradually replacing the organic matter with the mineral (or mixture) dissolved in this particular water source. It can be silica, calcite, pyrite or even opal. The wood retains the pattern of its internal structures, but is agatized or mineralized. Essentially, it becomes a “stone” that looks like wood (with occasional color changes, of course). On publicly managed public lands managed by BLM that are not closed to recreational hunting, petrified timber is available free of charge in limited quantities as long as the collection is for personal, non-commercial use. Under federal regulations (43 CFR 3622), collection weights for free use are limited to 25 pounds plus one piece per day.

250 pounds per calendar year, and no specimen over 250 pounds may be collected without special authorization. Petrified wood may only be for personal use and may not be sold or traded. A physical sales contract must be purchased from a BLM field office for collection of more than £250 per year or for commercial use. Mining claims should not be staked for petrified timber. You are allowed to collect up to 25 pounds plus one piece of petrified wood per day with a maximum of 250 pounds per person per year. Permits or contracts are required for parts over 250 pounds. You cannot exchange, barter or sell the petrified timber you collect without a contract with the BLM. www.blm.gov/programs/energy-and-minerals/miningand-minerals petrified wood is a fossil of an old tree. When a tree or branch is buried deep in sediment with oxygen deprivation that protects it from rot and then undergoes mineralization, petrified or petrified wood forms. Fossil plants are the fossilized remains of all parts of a plant. Petrified wood is a common term for wood petrified by silica where the woody structure is visible.

Hobby collectors and scientists can obtain a free use permit to remove limited quantities of petrified wood for their personal use. A permit is required for the commercial sale2/ of petrified wood. No permits are granted for the collection of fossils (plants, invertebrates, vertebrates or fossil traces) for commercial purposes, with the exception of petrified wood. The trade, barter or sale of fossil materials (plants, invertebrates, vertebrates or fossil traces) taken from the lands of the national forest system are prohibited. It is not illegal to possess petrified wood. Most petrified timber is present in national parks and removing (or even altering) anything in a national park is illegal. If you`re just hiking on BLM land and come across petrified wood, there`s nothing stopping you from taking it. In fact, you could probably claim the area to collect everything for yourself. Harvesting plants or plant material such as seeds, landscaping materials, firewood, and wood for commercial purposes requires a permit and, in some cases, a contract.www.blm.gov/programs/natural-resources/forests-and-woodlands/forest-product-permits It is not easy to understand what the current rules are in a particular state. It is a good idea to call one of the parks or visit the local fishing and hunting office, as they sometimes know the attitude towards petrified wood. Most of the time, it`s not difficult to get a permit at all, and it`s helpful to print out a few templates that you can take with you in case you come across a promising private lot. Firewood permits for personal use are available for some areas.

These allow a family to cut up to four wooden cords in certain areas for a small fee. It is allowed to collect dead or down wood for an immediate campfire, except in marked areas. The rules for collecting petrified timber – by recreational rockhounders – depend on whether the public state is managed by the United States Forest Service (USFS) or the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). The rules are not the same. Federal Law: Petrified Timber Act of 1962The Petrified Timber Act of 1962 (76 Stat. 652; 30 U.S.C. 611) provides that limited quantities of petrified timber may be removed from forest areas without authorization or royalties. Very rarely, the cavities inside the trunks serve as crystallization sites where calcium or quartz crystals grow inside.

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