Sale of Human Organs Should Be Legalized

James Childress, professor of ethics at the University of Virginia and chair of the Institute of Medicine committee that produced the 2006 report “Organ Donation: Options for Action,” said, “There are strong reasons to believe that compensation for cadavers will not increase supply. Imagine an organ futures market where individuals donate their organs after their death and receive payment now in return, or determine the payment to be made to their family or charity after their death. Well, keep in mind that many people no longer sign donor cards out of distrust or mistrust. They fear being declared dead prematurely or even having their death accelerated if they sign a donor card. Well, they would certainly hesitate to enter a futures market, to sign a futures contract, if the only obstacle to the delivery of their organs is the fact that they are not dead yet. “The sale of organs is a bad solution to an urgent problem. The BMA has proposed a system of “deemed consent”. This system would allow physicians to assume that a deceased patient`s organs can be used for transplants, unless the patient or his or her family has requested it. As an alternative, the BMA has called for a radical overhaul of the inefficient system of matching patients with donors. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has proposed the development of a website that connects patients, surgeons, and donors nationwide. The BMA is also considering the use of “multiple organ harvesting teams” led by hospital consultants to ensure that available organs from cadaver donors are not lost.

The organ donor or their family will benefit significantly from the sale. Even the poorest person will not choose to donate their heart or lungs and die like this. A surgeon would also not be willing to perform such an operation. Nevertheless, a kidney and a piece of liver can be removed without significant impairment. It is patronizing to consider that individuals cannot make a reasoned decision to donate or sell these organs. The family of a recently deceased relative should also be able to save someone else`s life while receiving compensation. Lloyd R. Cohen, professor of law at George Mason University, said: “The deal I am proposing is one where healthy people could close the sale of their organs and tissues for delivery after death. If the sellers` organs are removed and transplanted, a payment of $5,000 for each major organ would be made to a person or institution of the donor`s choosing. In an options market, organs would only be acquired from the dead. No one needs to be tempted or even allowed to sacrifice their health or physical integrity for money.

Organ donation by rich and poor is currently strongly encouraged, precisely because most of us believe that organ donation is not a sacrifice for the donor. Essentially, the pros and cons of advocating for a legal organ market are difficult to assess. Monetary rewards for organs cause problems where the poor are disadvantaged. Yet paying donors is an easy way to dramatically increase organ reserves, potentially saving thousands of lives each year. In both cases, there will be ethical dilemmas. However, it is clear that if the U.S. wants to abolish the current waiting list, something has to change. If it is heavily regulated, it is not impossible to have a system that eliminates the waiting list for kidneys and protects donors from exploitation.

Iran is a prime example; On this basis, the United States, as well as other countries currently struggling to meet the demand for organs, could use the Iranian model to meet demand and reduce the exploitation risks often associated with the organ market. He seems hopeful that in the coming years, as research continues on this topic, a more viable solution to the demand for organs in the United States will be implemented. Those who preferred to buy and sell organs rose from 44% to 60%. But the opponents only improved by 4 points, from 27 to 31%. Although organ transplantation has become a vital wonder of modern medicine, the waiting list for donors is much longer than care, and many patients die before they can be treated. Therefore, proponents argue that creating an economic incentive for organ donation will save lives. Others, however, argue that allowing the sale of harvested organs would reduce equal access between rich and poor and encourage illegal organ trafficking in developing countries. Should the market for human organs be legalised? Thousands more transplant candidates could be saved if more Americans signed organ donation cards, more families agreed to donate organs from loved ones, and medical staff contacted families of potential donors more frequently. But the supply of cadaver organs was disappointing and stable. David Rothman, professor of social medicine at Columbia University and director of the Center on Medicine as a Profession, said: “What it`s really about is selling organs from living donors. There are very, very good reasons – many from behavioral economics, others from the past – that suggest that creating a market could reduce supply, not increase it. First and foremost, if I can buy it, why should I give it away?.

In England, where the sale of blood was not allowed, donation rates were considerably higher than in the United States, where the sale of blood was allowed. The situation has recently sparked a debate about what was once unthinkable – paying people for organ donation.

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