Both higher and school education got restructured and made room for a more integrated and flexible approach with the introduction of the new National Education Policy that replaced the rules framed in 1986 and setting up of single higher education commission. Some of its offings are easier board designs, watch on fee hike, better-designed progress cards at school, same rules for public and private institutes, and various exit and entry point in the courses. Now, the government is planning for more changes in the upcoming year for the education system as stated by one of the ministers recently. There will only one common entrance test for all the universities with merging of the regulators of the higher education.
Single Higher Education Commission
The Union Government during the FCCI convention on Friday mentioned about the merging of all the regulators of higher education, including the All Indian Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and University Grants Commission (UGC) for accelerating the reforms in the education system and forming a new single education commission in 2021. Amit Khare, who is the secretary of higher education stated that everyone will see for themselves when the changes take place in 2021. There is UGC for the education sector, AICTE for technical courses, and NCTE for teacher education which will all get merged and have one single Higher Education Commission of India in the next academic session.
Single Admission Test
Amit Khare not only said about the merging of all the higher educations to form a single education commission but also spoke about the execution and introduction of a single entrance test for getting admission into all central universities is also coming in 2021. Another change which will take place is the bank of academic credit wherein transfer of credits can get done from one university to another. He said that a student can always come back and join after taking sabbatical a year and without having to lose any of the credits that they already have earned through the system of multiple entry and exit.
The secretary also talked about the role of private sectors and said that there will be a similar treatment for higher education’s private players as same as that of their government peers regarding the structural change, R&D funding, and regulations requirements. The performance will get taken into account for benchmarking instead of the structure of the governance. Amit Khare said that one of the very important changes which the policy seeks to implement is to balance the private and public’s regulatory structures. He also mentioned about the ease of doing business of how the private sector is viewed.
The private sector’s role is clearly mentioned in the policy. The private sectors can generate a reasonable surplus but are not to be profiteers. Without the generation of a reasonable surplus, there can be no operation of an institute. The structures for every university such as the private universities, Deemed-to-be universities and public universities are all different. However, the model for governance should be the same as emphasizing in the new education policy Academic Performance should get taken up for benchmarking and not on the ownership basis.